Protein and biomolecules sources for nutritional security and biodiversity
of bakery products in a circular food system

Prickly pear Cactus

The Mediterranean area is well known for the lush vegetation greenery, which is characterized by the presence of many food grade plants. Among them, pear cactus stands out for its features such as ease of growth and drought resistance. In fact, pear cactus shows excellent ability to adapt to adverse arid and hot environments thus determining the efficiency to transform water to dry matter. This plant represents an healthy important source of nutrients, including dietary fiber, proteins, carbohydrates and minerals (especially calcium, kalium, magnesium, iron and zinc). Furthermore, valuable polyphenols such as isorhamnetin, quercetin, kaempferol and flavonoids with a potential antioxidant, antiatherogenic, and antiulcerogenic properties, are contained in both the fruits (commonly named prickly pears) and the pads. Prickly pear fruit, being rich also in ascorbic acid, is considered a functional product and the consume of the edible part (especially in the form of juices and marmelades) has been gradually increased during time, with a concomitant increase of its by-products, i.e., peel, pulp, and seeds. These by-products might represent a sustainable source of bioactive compounds. Some constituents, like carotenoids, phytosterols, chlorophylls, hydroxybenzoic acids, hydroxycinnamic acids, flavan-3-ols, flavonols, flavanones, betacyanins and betaxanthins might be extracted and used as novel ingredients in the food chain with added healthy properties.


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